Will your Internet citations last? The basic principle of all citation applies to the Internet: a citation is meant to help locate the information for readers to assess the trustworthiness of a source. However – since web pages may be deleted, updated, or moved – the practice of citing sources currently accessible on the web will not help future readers. Some web archiving tools are available to help preserve cited sources. Whether you are creating a website for a research project, or citing a URL for your bibliography, you can provide permanent citations to content currently located on the web. These tools help create snapshots of current content and permanent archived links.
Here is a selection of web archiving tools:
– Internet Archive To save a page, use the ‘Wayback Machine’ to paste a URL into the box ‘Save Page Now’. This allows the capturing of a web page as it now appears, for use as a trusted citation in the future. You can also use the Wayback Machine’s browser extensions (Chrome/Firefox) to save any pages you’re currently consulting with a couple of clicks.
– archive.is captures individual pages in response to explicit user requests, making it a permanent archive. Since July 2013, archive.is supports the Memento Project (project focusing on the integration of Web Archives in regular Web navigation).
– perma.cc archives referenced content and generates a link to archived records of web pages which will always be available through the Perma.cc link. (Library sign-up required: write [email protected]).
As with any academic source, the current practice, when citing web pages is to indicate the standard details of author, title, date of page, date of access (eg: “<URL> Accessed 8 December 2015”). In addition, for a self-archived project web page, and/or a URL citation, you can give the archived URL “Archived at + <URL>”.
Citing Archived web pages: Web pages not longer available online, but which can be retrieved from a web archive (e.g. Internet Archive, Internet Memory Foundation etc.) should be cited as: “Retrieved from” + the archived <URL>.
The URL (Internet address) of any cited source should be generally cited in angle brackets, and should be complete, including the protocol http.
For further information, please write to [email protected]