How universal are refugee rights? Insights from new data analysis

It is generally accepted that all individuals, regardless of their nationality or place of residence, possess fundamental rights simply by virtue of being human. This principle of ‘universality’ is the cornerstone of modern international human rights law. While refugee rights are primarily codified in a separate branch of international law—built around the 1951 Geneva Convention—the […]

Why liberal refugee policies need enemies

In 2022 Europe experienced the largest refugee influx since World War II. Europe’s response to the Ukrainian refugee movement drew positive headlines at first. Later, however, frustration and disappointment prevailed. The oft-invoked paradigm shift toward a humanitarian refugee policy failed to materialise. Instead, the first ever activation of the EU Temporary Protection Directive triggered a […]