Oral History

  • EP Empowerment through soft law – the interinstitutional relations

    At the beginning of the European adventure, already in 1952, the Intergovernamental Conferences preparing the Treaties, didn’t consider the Assembly a key element of the institutional architecture, but at the same time, they could not totally exclude it, even to avoid criticisms by the respective National Parliaments. It is not surprising that, in 1957, the […]


  • The 1999 resignation of the Santer Commission and its significance for the development of accountability inside the EU

    The 1999 resignation of the Santer Commission and its significance for the development of accountability inside the EU

    Holding the executive to account is a central function in any parliamentary democracy.  The European Union is no different.   It has had to find an answer to the question of how the executive should be controlled, particularly with the dramatic increase in the scope of its activities.  As the interviews illustrate, the European Parliament has […]